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Letter from Canada: Paradigms, politics, and principles

full title - Letter from Canada: paradigms, politics and principles: An end of the millennium update from the birthplace of the Healthy Cities movement

This editorial letter describes a City of Toronto in crisis. It describes how the percentage of children living below the Statistics Canada low-income cut-offs is now 37%; homelessness is at levels not seen since the 1930's and food banks are used on an ongoing basis by 135,000 Toronto residents, a doubling in number since 1990. Implications for government and health promoters working within the Healthy Cities framework and are discussed.

an earlier version of this article was published in 1999 by Ryerson Centre for Studies in Food Security News at